Stenography (English) or Stenographer & Secretarial Assistant (English) is an administrative vocational trade. The duration of trade is one year.  The trade syllabus mainly comprises topics such as how to take dictation in shorthand of correspondence, reports and other matter. Shorthand was considered an essential part of secretarial training and police work and was useful for journalists, whose certification typically requires a shorthand speed of at least 80 words per minute. Although the primary use of shorthand has been to record oral dictation or discourse, some systems are used for compact expression. One of the most widely used forms of shorthand is still the Pitman shorthand method, Pitman shorthand is a system of shorthand for the English language developed by Englishman Sir Isaac Pitman (1813–1897), who first presented it in 1837. which has been adapted for 15 languages.  Although Pitman's method was extremely popular at first and is still commonly used, especially in the UK, in the U.S. Trade is very good from career point of view as it opens many opportunities for them in various fields. There are many ITIs offering this trade throughout the country.